Types of Steel Materials – Benefits and Applications


Whether it’s a skyscraper or a kitchen tool, there’s no doubt that steel is an essential building block in our modern society. Steel isn’t just durable but also flexible. There are many different types that can meet the needs of each project.

The four main steel types are categorized based on their carbon content and alloying elements, which determine how well they serve specific applications. Low-carbon steels that contain up to 0.3% carbon, are suitable for automotive body panels. Medium-carbon steels with up to 0.6 percent carbon, provide an equilibrium of ductility as well as strength. High-carbon steels that contain up to 2.1% of carbon offer toughness and wear resistance.

Additionally, certain steel grades are formulated to resist corrosion or other environmental dangers. They include martensitic and martensitic alloys nickel-containing alloys, and niobium-containing steels.

Another benefit of steel is that it’s not as fire-resistant than other materials for construction and has a greater degree of durability, particularly when exposed to extreme temperatures. In addition, it’s moderately resistant to the damaging consequences of insects and pests which makes it a great choice for storage structures, warehouses as well as other high-risk areas.

Steel’s versatility is the reason why it a sought-after material for construction. It is widely used to construct everything from towers to car parts. If you are looking to buy or manufacture steel from scratch, it is vital to understand the various types to get the best value. This blog post discusses the various kinds of steel materials, their benefits and applications.